Youngsters are much less doubtless to make use of cannabis in US states the place the drug has been legalised, a brand new research suggests.
Researchers at Montana State College in Bozeman, Montana, analysed annual nationwide Youth Threat Behaviour Surveys from 1993 via to 2017.
The stories included questions on marijuana use and listed responses from 1.4m highschool college students.
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At present, some 33 states have legalised medical cannabis, whereas 10 states have additionally legalised leisure use.
The drug stays unlawful in all states for individuals beneath the age of 18.
After inspecting the stories, the researchers discovered that there was an eight per cent drop within the variety of youngsters who stated they used the drug not less than as soon as within the final 30 days.
In the meantime, the variety of youths who had used cannabis not less than 10 instances within the final 30 days noticed a 9 per cent drop.
Whereas the findings recommend that legalising leisure marijuana is just not tied to a rise in drug use, lead creator of the research Mark Anderson has urged that the drop might be as a result of it’s often tougher for teenagers to purchase from licensed dispensaries the place proof of age is required.
Anderson added that he hopes the research, which was printed within the medical journal JAMA Pediatrics on Monday, will “assist to quell some issues that use amongst teenagers will truly go up” in locations the place leisure marijuana is legalised.
”As a result of many leisure marijuana legal guidelines have been handed so just lately, we do observe restricted post-treatment knowledge for a few of these states,“ Anderson advised CNN.
”In a couple of years, it will make sense to replace our estimates as extra knowledge turn out to be accessible.“
The outcomes echo these of a earlier research by the RAND Company – an American nonprofit world coverage suppose tank – which discovered that cannabis use amongst teenagers in Washington dropped after the state legalised the drug in 2012.
Use amongst college students within the eighth grade dropped from 9.Eight to 7.Three per cent between 2014-2016, whereas use amongst 10th graders fell from 19.Eight to 17.Eight per cent.
Nevertheless, the outcomes do contradict the 2017 Wholesome Youngsters Colorado Survey carried out by the Colorado Division of Public Well being and Atmosphere.
The ballot of 56,000 youth discovered that the quantity of highschool pupils who stated they used cannabis stayed the identical after leisure use was legalised in that state in 2014.
In 2013, 20 per cent of youngsters stated they used marijuana and in 2017, 19 % stated that they had.